Most of the hospitals today are filled with people suffering from health problems or diseases that could have been avoided. Other people are suffering at home from life threatening and terminal disorders that are preventable with some little effort.
Experts indicate that most of the diseases threatening humanity today are lifestyle related and can be eradicated by following a number of common tips. While some are due to lifestyle issues others are due to ignorance.
Men have been found to be adamant when it comes to medical checkups and it is for this reason that they are caught up with diseases that could have been eradicated earlier had there been early detection.
Women too are prone to some of these diseases.
1. Heart diseases
Heart diseases are the most common diseases in the world today. In America alone, more than five hundred thousand people succumb to heart diseases annually. According to the existing research, although there are other factors that lead to heart diseases the most basic ones are lifestyle related. They are mostly caused by the accumulation of high levels of cholesterol and extremely high blood pressure. The driving habits that drive these factors are known. Smoking is one of the known causes of heart diseases followed by alcohol. The recommended intake of alcohol is two units per day and when this limit is exceeded an individual inches closer to having diseases of the heart. Eating habits are also to blame towards this. Nutrition experts advise on healthy eating that is free of cholesterol and sugars. Processed foods are mostly high in sugars and no doubt bad for your heart. Red meat and baked foods are also not good for the heart. Lack of exercises also leads to developing of heart diseases as there is no way of burning the excess cholesterol that accumulates in the arteries making it hard for fresh supply of oxygen to be pumped to the heart.
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world today. Although priory referred to as the rich man’s disease, it affects all cadres of humanity. There are various types of diabetes but diabetes type two is the most common and preventable. It is caused by the inability of the body to convert sugar into energy. Once sugar is consumed it goes straight into the blood stream where it is supposed to be moved by insulin into the muscles and liver to be utilized as energy. In a diabetic person, the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or fails to respond well to insulin. Preventing type 2 diabetes can be achieved through constant exercising to utilize the excess energy and sugar in the body. It is also important that a strict dietary system be maintained. Eating a lot of fruits and vegetable is highly recommended as well as constant medical checkups.
3. Liver diseases
Chronic liver diseases such as cirrhosis are major killers in the world but the best news is that they can be avoided. These diseases are characterized by hampering the normal function of the liver. Factors leading to the diseases result to injuring of the liver cells and inflammation and a cluster of regenerative nodules crop up in an attempt to repair the damaged cells. The causes of liver diseases are immense. There are toxic metals for instance copper and iron collecting in the liver due to genetic deficiencies. Certain viruses and diseases are also known to cause liver diseases. The major culprit towards this however is the accumulation and constant exposure to chemicals such as alcohol and other elements emanating from certain medications. Alcohol as the main cause of liver diseases has been emphasized and every research conducted has established a positive link. Taking more than two units of alcohol in a day, excessive drinking and taking unregulated brews has been found to be the major cause. Other causes emanating from behavioral factors include unprotected sex resulting from sharing items with body fluids leading to Hepatitis B. To prevent the development of liver diseases it is crucial to avoid binge drinking, engage in safe sex and proper sanitation to prevent contacting Hepatitis A.
4. Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases are the most common in adults and yet they are the easiest to prevent. The term sexually transmitted infections is also used to denote other conditions that do not manifest into diseases. STDs come in a variety of symptoms and might be confused for some other infections if not analyzed clearly by the doctor. The most common infection is chlamydia which occurs quietly. It is nonfatal but can be very disturbing if not addressed at an early stage. HIV is another very fatal disease that has been on the rise in the last few years. Leading to a weakened immune system, it can be easily prevented by the use of a condom and non-exposure to body fluids of an infected person. Others such as syphilis and gonorrhea are also fatal if not detected early and can be prevented by the use of protection during sexual intercourse.
Stroke occurs in various ways. There are the mini-strokes also referred to as transient ischemic attacks that arise out of any interruption to the flow of blood to the brain. There is the ischemic stroke that is brought forth by blockage of core vessels transporting blood to the brain. The hemorrhagic is as a result of breakage of blood vessels in the brain causing bleeding. The major causes of stroke are lifestyle related and they range from high blood pressure, smoking, excessive drinking and stress. Bad eating habits and sedentary life that causes high level of cholesterol in the blood are also major causes. An active lifestyle of controlled drinking and quality diet can go a long way in reducing the predisposition to stroke.
In the above mentioned diseases, heredity plays a huge factor but the baseline is on the quality of the lifestyle. Most of the common diseases emanate from habits such as excessive drinking, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercises and taking other toxic stuffs. There is no doubt that heart diseases, stroke and diabetes amongst others can be prevented. It is hence crucial to practice healthy lifestyles to reduce the risk of getting some of these lifelong and fatal diseases.